7 minutes reading time (1485 words)

Remote Location Testing? Transmit WiFi Traffic at a Remote Site for 12 Hours with LANforge WiFIRE

CT523-328-2ac-1n-bat LANforge WiFIRE 802.11a/b/g/n/ac 3 radio WiFi Traffic Generator (with Battery) Supporting 328 Virtual STA Interfaces

The CT523-328-2ac-1n-bat wireless traffic generator is an excellent choice for testing Access Points and other WiFi networks. The CT523-328-2ac-1n-bat uses a modified Wireless driver for WiFi NICs based on the Atheros chipset. The ath9k (a/b/g/n) chipset NICs can support up to 200 stations per radio. The ath10k (a/b/g/n/ac) chipset NICs can support up to 64 stations per radio. Each of the Virtual Stations has its own IP address, IP port space, MAC address and routing table. The Virtual Stations can be assigned to communicate to a particular Access Point, use a particular SSID, and Open or WPA/WPA2 authentication assigned. More advanced 802.1X authentication is also included. Each radio can be configured idependently of the other. Transmit power and channel/frequency is configured on a per-radio basis. Most other settings are configurable per virtual station.

There are two ath10k a/b/g/n/ac and one ath9k a/b/g/n WiFi radios per CT523-328-2ac-1n-bat and multiple LANforge systems can be clustered together for even more realistic radio interference patterns and increased traffic generation capability.

All virtual stations on the same radio must be on the same frequency, but as long as the protocol supports that fequency, the multiple protocols can be used concurrently. For instance, if the radio is configured for a 2.4Ghz channel, the stations can be /b, /g, /n, or /ac. If the radio is on a 5Ghz channel, the stations can be /a, /n or /ac. The bandwidth can be configured for all protocols. For 802.11n, configuring the MCS rates also determines the number of streams (1x1, 2x2, 3x3, etc.).

NOTE: ath10k 802.11ac radios and stations may be more limited in rate selection and other features for the initial release.

The Virtual Stations may be configured with all of the virtual interfaces on the same subnet, or different subnets, depending on the testing requirements. When used with something like VoIP, it allows all of the VoIP calls to use the standard IP ports (with one call per virtual interface).

The CT523-328-2ac-1n-bat has no fans and is silent. It has 9 antenna. It will fit into a small travel bag or briefcase for easy portability. No additional hardware or software is required, but it is suggested that you manage the system using the LANforge GUI on a separate machine. The CT523-328-2ac-1n-bat can also be managed over a serial console in text mode or through directly connected monitor, mouse and keyboard.

Remote Location Testing? Transmit WiFi Traffic at a Remote Site for 12 Hours with LANforge WiFIRE

Remote Location Testing? Transmit WiFi Traffic at a Remote Site for 12 Hours with LANforge WiFIRE

Quick Start Guide

  1. Connect Management Ethernet port to Management network or management PC. If connecting directly to a PC, an Ethernet cross-over cable should be used.
  2. Connect eth1 wired Ethernet interface to wired Ethernet interface on the AP or network under test. This usually is considered the 'server' side of the network.
  3. The Client side of the network will be the Virtual Stations configured on the CT523-328-2ac-1n WiFi NIC(s).
  4. Connect power brick to standard US or European AC power source. If using external battery pack, then connect to that instead.
  5. Install the LANforge-GUI on a separate management PC or Laptop. Windows and Linux GUIs are supported: Select the correct one from the CDROM or Candela Technologies Download page and install it. The CT523-328-2ac-1n appliance has a web server that also provides the LANforge GUIs.
  6. The CT523-328-2ac-1n should now boot. If DHCP is enabled on the Management network, the CT523-328-2ac-1n will automatically acquire an IP address. If DHCP is not available, the IP address will be set to by the LANforge scripts.
  7. Start the LANforge-GUI on the management PC and click the 'Discover' button. It should find the CT523-328-2ac-1n appliance and add the IP address to the drop-down box in the Connect widget. Press 'Connect' and you will be connected to the CT523-328-2ac-1n.
  8. Select the Port Mgr tab in the GUI. Double-click on the device called 'wiphy0'. This is the Radio device, and should be configured for the correct, channel, country-code, etc. Next, select one or more of the Virtual Station interfaces and click 'Modify'. Enter the correct IP address information, SSID and WEP or WPA/WPA2 key (if Enabled). After applying these changes, the Virtual Station interface should associate with the AP and be ready to send traffic. You may create up to 328 Virtual Station interfaces per CT523-328-2ac-1n with the 'Create' button.
  9. Once the interfaces are configured correctly, you can click on the Layer 3, VOIP/RTP and other LANforge-FIRE related GUI tabs and configure/modify/start/stop particular traffic patterns that utilize the virtual stations and wired Ethernet interface. In most cases, you will want one of the FIRE endpoints to be on the wired interface and the other to be on the WiFi Virtual Station interface. It is also valid to generate traffic between two Virtual Station interfaces. The GUI Plugins menu (and right-click on some tables) provides some plugins to do automated testing and reporting. Contact support if you have suggestions for improvements.
  10. Any GUI modifications take place immediately after you click 'Submit'.

LANforge WiFIRE Related Images
Virtual Station Configuration Screen

Remote Location Testing? Transmit WiFi Traffic at a Remote Site for 12 Hours with LANforge WiFIRE

Layer 3 (Ethernet, UDP, TCP) Connections

Remote Location Testing? Transmit WiFi Traffic at a Remote Site for 12 Hours with LANforge WiFIRE

Layer 3 Create/Modify Screen

Remote Location Testing? Transmit WiFi Traffic at a Remote Site for 12 Hours with LANforge WiFIRE

Software Features

  • Supports real-world protocols:
    • Layer 2: Raw-Ethernet.
    • 802.1Q VLANs.
    • PPPoE: Integrated PPPoE support.
    • Layer 3: IPv4, IPv6, UDP/IP, IGMP Multicast UDP, TCP/IP.
    • Layer 4: FTP, HTTP, HTTPS, TFTP, SFTP, SCP
    • 802.11a/b/g/n Wireless Station (up to 200 per machine).
    • 802.11a/b/g/n/ac Wireless Station (up to 128 per machine).
    • Layer 4: TELNET, PING, DNS, SMTP, NMAP (via add-on script).
    • File-IO: NFSv3, NFSv4, CIFS, iSCSI.
  • Supports up to 1000 concurrent TCP connections with base license package.
  • The CT523-328-2ac-1n-bat is able to push up to 345Mbps through an AP, depending on the protocols mix, wireless mode and environment, and speed of the network under test. Supports at least 60 VoIP (SIP, RTP) calls if appropriate licenses are purchased. When all two ath10k a/b/g/n/ac and one ath9k a/b/g/n radios are configured on different channels, combined maximum upload speed exceeds 625Mbps (NOTE: Tested with 802.11a/b/g/n NICs. The ath10k a/b/g/n/ac chipset NICs have not been performance tested yet.) More powerful systems are also available.
  • Supports real-world compliance with ARP protocol.
  • Supports ToS (QoS) settings for TCP/IP and UDP/IP connections.
  • Uses publicly available Linux and Windows network stacks for increased standards compliance.
  • Utilizes libcurl for FTP, HTTP and HTTPS (SSL), TFTP and SCP protocols.
  • Supports file system test endpoints (NFS, CIFS, and iSCSI file systems, too!). File system mounts can use the virtual interface feature for advanced testing of file server applications.
  • Supports custom command-line programs, such as telnet, SMTP, and ping.
  • Comprehensive traffic reports include: Packet Transmit Rate, Packet Receive Rate, Packet Drop %, Transmit Bytes, Receive Bytes, Latency, Jitter, various Ethernet driver level counters, and much more.
  • Supports generation of reports that are ready to be imported into your favorite spread-sheet.
  • Allows packet sniffing and network protocol decoding with the integrated Wireshark protocol sniffer.
  • GUI runs as Java application on Linux, Solaris and Microsoft Operating Systems (among others).
  • GUI can run remotely, even over low-bandwidth links to accommodate the needs of the users.
  • Central management application can manage multiple units, tests, and testers simultaneously.
  • Includes easy built-in scripting for iterating through rates and packet sizes, with automated reporting. Also supports scriptable command line interface (telnet) which can be used to automate test scenarios. Perl libraries and example scripts are provided!
  • Automatic discovery of LANforge data generators simplifies configuration of LANforge test equipment.
  • LANforge traffic generation/management software is supported on Linux, Solaris and MS Windows.

Hardware Specification

  • High-End Appliance with no fans.
  • Operating System: Fedora Linux with customized 64-bit Linux kernel.
  • Two 1Gbps Ethernet ports, room for three wifi NICs.
  • Intel i7-2655LE 2.2 GHz processor.
  • RJ45 Serial console (115200 8 N 1) for console management & initial configuration.
  • VGA/DVI-D, USB ports for desktop usage.
  • 8 GB RAM.
  • 40 GB Solid State Hard Drive.
  • Larger storage drives available.
  • 9-30v 4AMP external power supply (brick).
  • Weight: 8 lbs
  • Dimensions: 11 x 8 x 2.6 inches Metric: 277 x 194 x 67 mm.
  • Operating Temperature: -20 ~ 55°C.
  • Certification: CE Emission, FCC Class A, RoHS Compliant.
  • UPS-500AD External battery with 12+ hours runtime.
    • Capacity:Lithium battery 12v 26Ah 288Wh; Total Efficiency: Rated 500W, Peak 1000W; Output Waveform: Modified Sine Wave
    • AC Input Voltage:110-220V 50/60Hz
    • AC Output Voltage:110V 60Hz or 220V 50Hz
    • DC Output(4 barrel ports):12V/8A (10A MAX);
    • USB Output(4 ports):5V/ 6.2A
    • LED Light:1W,Max 3W
    • Solar Input Charging Panel (Panel Not Included): Voltage 18V 20-100W
    • Overload, Short circuit protection
    • Size:12.60 x 5.91 x 8.66in
    • Weight:3.2 kgs

Additional Feature Upgrades

Unless otherwise noted in the product description, these features usually cost extra:

  • WanPaths (LANforge-ICE feature set)
  • Virtual Interfaces: MAC-VLANs, 802.1Q VLANs, WiFi stations, etc
  • FIRE Connections: Base FIRE license includes 1000 active connections.
  • WiFi RF Attenuator: Adjust WiFi signal strength in a controllable manner.
  • SMA RF Cable Bundle: Used to cable LANforge WiFIRE radios to device-under-test.
  • LANforge-ICE Network Emulation.
  • VOIP: Each concurrent call over the included package requires a license.
  • Armageddon: Each pair of ports requires a license if not already included.

Thanks to Candela for the article

5 Perks of Network Performance Management
The Benefits of Using 2-Wire Digital Master Clock ...


No comments made yet. Be the first to submit a comment
Saturday, 10 April 2021

Captcha Image

By accepting you will be accessing a service provided by a third-party external to https://telnetnetworks.ca/

Contact Us


Telnet Networks Inc.
740 Augusta Dr.
Suite 202
Kingston, ON  K7P 0R5


(800) 561-4019



For More Information about Telnet Networks, our products, or our services, or to request a quote please feel free to contact us directly.

Latest Blog Posts

Latest Blog Posts